The Work That Saves – by Horatius Bonar

The Work That Saves

   Done is the work that Saves!

      Once and forever done.

   Finished the righteousness

      That clothes the unrighteous one.

   The love that blesses us below

      Is flowing freely to us now.


   The sacrifice is o’er,

      The veil is rent in twain,

   The mercy-seat is red

      With blood of victim slain;

   Why stand we then without in fear?

      The blood divine invites us near.


   The gate is open wide,

       The new and living way

   Is clear and free and bright,

      With love and peace and day;

   Into the holiest now we come, 

      Our present and our endless home.


   Upon the mercy-seat

      The High Priest sits within;

   The blood is in his hand

      Which makes and keeps us clean.

   With boldness let us now draw near,

      That blood has banished every fear.


   Then to the Lamb once slain

      Be glory, praise and power,

   Who died and lives again,

      Who liveth evermore;

   Who loved and washed us in his blood,

      Who made us kings and priests to God.

                          – Horatius Bonar

Why does Christ’s righteousness need to be imputed to us?

Lately I have heard, from unnamed sources, that the doctrine of ‘double imputation’, that our sins were ‘imputed’ to Christ and His righteousness to us, is heresy. Further asserted is that it is only Christ’s substitutionary death that impacts our salvation, not his perfectly obedient life (righteousness). Leaving all of the theological terms associated with the idea of ‘double imputation’ aside for a moment, we have the question “Why do we need Christ’s imputed righteousness?” Or, “Why isn’t Christ’s death alone sufficient for our salvation?” In answer to the question, I offer the following for your consideration, taken from Making Sense of Salvation by Wayne Grudem, and presented online at

Question: “Why does Christ’s righteousness need to be imputed to us?”


In His Sermon on the Mount, Jesus uttered these words: “You therefore must be perfect, as your heavenly Father is perfect” (Matthew 5:48). This comes at the end of the section of the sermon where Jesus corrects His listeners’ misunderstanding of the law. In Matthew 5:20, Jesus says that if His hearers want to enter into the Kingdom of Heaven, their righteousness must exceed that of the Pharisees who were the experts in the law.

Then in Matthew 5:21-48, He proceeds to radically redefine the law from mere outward conformity which characterized the ‘righteousness’ of the Pharisees, to an obedience of both outward and inward conformity. He uses the phrase, “You have heard it said, but I say unto you…” to differentiate between the way people heard the law taught from how Jesus is reinterpreting it. Obeying the law is more than simply abstaining from killing, committing adultery and breaking oaths. It’s also not getting angry with your brother, not lusting in your heart, and not making insincere oaths. At the end of all this, we learn that we must exceed the righteousness of the Pharisees, and that comes from being perfect.

At this point, the natural response is: “But I can’t be perfect” which is absolutely true. In another place in Matthew’s Gospel, Jesus summarizes the law of God down to two commandments: Love the Lord your God with all your heart, soul, mind and strength and love your neighbor as yourself (Matthew 22:37-40). This is certainly an admirable goal, but has anyone ever loved the Lord with all their heart, soul, mind and strength and their neighbor as themselves? Everything we do, say and think has to be done, said and thought from love for God and love for neighbor. If we are completely honest with ourselves, we have to admit that we have never achieved this level of spirituality.

The truth of the matter is that on our own and by our own efforts, we can’t possibly be perfect as our heavenly Father is perfect. We don’t love God with all our heart, soul, mind and strength. We don’t love our neighbors as ourselves. We have a problem, and it’s called sin. We are born with it and we cannot overcome the effects of it on our own. Sin radically affects us to our core. Sin affects what we do, say and think. In other words, it taints everything about us. Therefore, no matter how good we try to be, we will never meet God’s standard of perfection. The Bible says that all of our righteous deeds are like a “polluted garment” (Isaiah 64:6). Our own righteousness is simply not good enough and never will be, no matter how hard we try.

That’s why Jesus lived a perfect life in full obedience to the law of God in thought, word and deed. Jesus’ mission wasn’t simply to die on the cross for our sins, but also to live a life of perfect righteousness. Theologians refer to this as the “active and passive obedience of Christ.” Active obedience refers to Christ’s life of sinless perfection. Everything He did was perfect. Passive obedience refers to Christ’s submission to the crucifixion. He went willingly to the cross and allowed Himself to be crucified without resisting (Isaiah 53:7). His passive obedience pays our sin debt before God, but it is the active obedience that really saves us and gives us the perfection God requires.

The Apostle Paul writes in Romans, “But now the righteousness of God has been manifested apart from the law, although the Law and the Prophets bear witness to it—the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all who believe” (Romans 3:21-22). Through our faith in Christ, the righteousness of God is given to us. This is called “imputed” righteousness. To impute something is to ascribe or attribute something to someone. When we place our faith in Christ, God ascribes the perfect righteousness of Christ to our account so that we become perfect in His sight. “For our sake he made him [Jesus] to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God” (2 Corinthians 5:21).

Not only is Christ’s righteousness imputed to us through faith, but our sin is imputed to Christ. That is how Christ paid our sin debt to God. He had no sin in Himself, but our sin is imputed to him, so as He suffers on the cross, He is suffering the just penalty that our sin deserves. That is why Paul can say, “I have been crucified with Christ. It is no longer I who live, but Christ who lives in me. And the life I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me” (Galatians 2:20).

By having the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, we can be perfect, as God is perfect. It is not, therefore, our perfection, but His. When God looks at the Christian, He sees the holiness, perfection, and righteousness of Christ. Therefore, we can say with confidence “I am perfect, as God is perfect.”


Blog author’s note: If you are engaged in the debate in any of it’s several forms and venues, or are merely interested in the question, I hope the above has been helpful to you.